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U.S. Board on Geographic Names    
 
The U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) was established in 1890 by President Benjamin Harrison and reestablished in its present form in 1947 by Congress to standardize geographic name spellings throughout the federal government. The Board's work is primarily carried out by the Domestic Names Committee (DNC) and the Foreign Names Committee (FNC). NGA provides secretariat support to the FNC. FNC membership includes the Central Intelligence Agency, Departments of Defense, Department of State and the Library of Congress.

All BGN products are available to the public. Access to the foreign geographic names database is through NGA's GEONet Names Server. Access to the domestic geographic names database is through the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). A CD-ROM digital gazetteer is available for domestic geographic names. Hardcopy gazetteers covering foreign areas, researched by the FNC staff, may be purchased through USGS. A booklet describing the BGN's romanization systems for 29 non-Roman writing systems is also available.

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Romanization Systems
URL: http://geonames.nga.mil/gns/html/romanization.html
Contains all of the romanization systems and Roman-script spelling conventions that are currently approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) and its U.K. counterpart, the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names (PCGN).

Additional Information and Resources
 
U.S. Board on Geographic Names
URL: http://geonames.usgs.gov
Official U.S. Board on Geographic Names Home Page

United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names Working Group on Romanization Systems
URL: http://www.eki.ee/wgrs/
Information on other transliteration systems for toponyms.
 
 
 

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