On Nov. 1, 1995, President Bill Clinton invited representatives to
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, to negotiate an end to
the ethnic discord in the former Yugoslav Republic between
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. After 18 weeks of shuttle
diplomacy and 21 days of intense negotiations,leaders from the
contending parties initialed the Dayton Peace accords agreeing to the
end of the war on Nov. 21. The ceremonial signing took place in Paris
one month later with Clinton in attendance.
Ambassador Richard Holbrooke and U.S. Army Lt. Gen. Wesley Clark
devised the mapping support strategy for Dayton as the chief U.S.
negotiators. The strategy was simple. Flood the negotiations site with
U.S. military maps from the Defense Mapping Agency, keep modified maps
and re-computations of territorial areas coming as fast as needed and
make no mistakes. A team of 50 technicians brought with them portable
computer systems, digitizing stations and printers. They could produce a
map or complex revision within 30 minutes. The digital technique
guaranteed accuracy, consistency and reliability. It was the first time
digital maps had been used in diplomatic negotiations.
give some indication of the complexity of the territorial
issues and the sensitive areas of common claim that fueled the ethnic
and religious dispute. The large pink, snake-like areas represent either
an inter-entity boundary or a cease fire line, both with a zone of
separation following the boundaries in parallel and in color.
View high-resolution versions of these maps on our Flickr page