In 2005, James Clapper, director of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, an NGA predecessor agency, coined the term “geospatial intelligence.” GEOINT is defined as “the exploitation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information to describe, assess, and visually depict physical features and geographically referenced activities on the Earth. Geospatial intelligence consists of imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information.” Prior to 2005, the term was not used, but there is a rich history of events that contributed to the GEOINT tradecraft.
Over the course of the year, there are a number of major anniversaries illustrating the history and legacy of the GEOINT tradecraft, beginning with the Paris Peace Conferences that lead to the ending of World War I to Operation Just Cause. See a full list of the anniversaries below.
THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF D-DAY
On June 6, 1944, allied forces invaded the beaches of
Normandy in what would become the greatest amphibious assault recorded in
history. NGA predecessor organizations met the challenge of providing maps to
the forces in support of the invasion and for all of World War II. Learn more
about NGA predecessor organization efforts to support the troops in the
From the archives: D-Day Remembered. This article originally appeared for the 50th anniversary
of D-Day in the May 1994 edition of "Defense Mapping Agency News: Link East," a
Pathfinder magazine predecessor.
NASA LAUNCHED APOLLO 9 - 50 YEAR ANNIVERSARY
On this day in 1969, NASA launched Apollo 9 – a mission to test the lunar module. NGA predecessor organizations contributed to the successes of the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions. Even astronauts need maps! Learn more about how we contributed in our Medium article.
REMEMBERING WWI - 100 YEAR ANNIVERSARY
The demands of World War I gave birth to, or greatly advanced, many of the important GEOINT tradecrafts we practice daily at NGA. Learn about the tradecrafts by scrolling through the trading cards below.